11-13 November 2019
The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa Campus
Asia/Tokyo timezone

Rapid bound-state formation of Dark Matter in the Early Universe

12 Nov 2019, 15:45
The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa Campus

The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa Campus

Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwa-no-ha, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan
Contributed talk DM theory Young Scientists session


Dr Tobias Binder


The thermal decoupling description of multi-TeV scale dark matter (DM) and co-annihilating partners is reconsidered. In such a high-mass region, even the electroweak force carriers could act as long-range forces, leading to the existence of meta-stable DM bound states. The formation and subsequent decay of the latter further depletes the relic density on top of the Sommerfeld enhancement, allowing for heavier DM masses. So far, only the on-shell mediator emission (W, Z, H, g, photon or exotic) was considered as the formation process of the bound states. In this talk, I show that bound-state formation via bath particle scattering, i.e. the mediator instead in the t-channel and connected to the SM plasma, can be the dominant conversion process. For a simplified setup we find that bound-state formation via bath particle scattering exceeds the single mediator bound-state formation cross-section by several orders of magnitude at the freeze-out temperature. The implications of these findings are that bound-state effects become more pronounced during chemical decoupling and consequently DM could be heavier than previously expected, eventually informing indirect and collider searches.


Kavli IPMU

Primary authors

Burkhard Blobel Julia Harz Kyohei Mukaida Kalliopi Petraki Dr Tobias Binder

Presentation Materials